Australian Mungbean Association

Australian-grown mungbeans have quality written all over them!

Mungbean Research Projects

The Australian Mungbean Association supports and encourages research projects in all aspects of mungbean production, processing and marketing.

If you have a research project that is not shown below please email us.

Current projects

National Mungbean Improvement Program (NMIP) plant breedingLead researcher Mr Col Douglas (DAF)The National Mungbean Improvement Program (NMIP) is a co-investment of the Department of Agriculture and Fisheries (DAF), Queensland and the Grains Research and Development Corporation (GRDC). The AMA is the commercialisation partner for all current mungbean varieties.Optimising mungbean yield in the northern region – Mungbean AgronomyProject title: Optimising mungbean yield in the northern region - Mungbean AgronomyKey focus: Improving the agronomy of mungbeans specifically in the areas of crop nutrition and desiccationResearcher: Jayne Gentry – Department of Agriculture and FisheriesContact details:mobile: 0428 459 138email: Jayne.gentry@daf.qld.ov.autwitter: @gentry_jayneProject outline: Conventional plant breeding and innovative agronomic research in Australia has transformed mungbean from a small opportunistic crop to a highly profitable, broad-scale grain crop in Australia. The aim of this project is to capitalise on the opportunity to improve yield reliability of newer mungbean varieties through optimised agronomic management. This project will be based on a participatory approach to learning with growers and agronomists being integral in the identification and prioritisation of treatments at each trial site, the interpretation of data and adoption of new management practices. The project will also update the mungbean Best Management Practices training course manual and other associated documents.Duration: June 2018 – June 2022Outputs to date: Optimising mungbean yield in the northern region - Mungbean PhysiologyProject title: Optimising mungbean yield in the northern region - Mungbean PhysiologyKey focus: Addressing significant gaps in understanding mungbean physiologyResearcher: Marisa Collins, La Trobe UniversityContact details: outline: As mungbean increases in popularity grower confidence in mungbeans is limited by high levels of yield variability in the paddock. In addition, understanding the drivers of this variability is currently limited by poor understanding of the crop physiology. This project aims to address significant gaps in our understanding of mungbean physiology including drivers of yield in mungbean, constraints that limit yield performance under optimal and sub-optimal (heat / water stress) conditions and dynamics of harvest index. In addition, the field data will be used to develop the NextGen APSIM mungbean model. This project focuses on understanding how we can optimise breeding and management strategies to increase grain yield and crop resilience in mungbean for the benefit of growers and the broader industry.Project duration : Sept 2018 – Mar 2023Outputs:Crop modelling for Australian mungbeansProject title: Crop modelling for Australian mungbeansKey focus: Improve the ability to guide grower decisions about sowing, irrigation and cultivar selectionResearcher: Heather Pasley – CSIROContact details: Email heather.pasley@csiro.auProject outline: APSIM is an internationally recognised modelling framework to predict growth and yield of a variety of crops in different environments and underpin agronomic performance management decisions. This investment will upgrade the current APSIM - Mungbean model to improve the ability to simulate differences amongst cultivars and provide greater functionality with respect to sensitivity to water stresses and drivers of canopy and grain development. The improved model can be used to guide grower decisions about sowing date, irrigation timing, and cultivar selection across a wide variety of environments via the GRDC Mungbean Grownotes and other publications.Duration: To February 2023 Specific agronomy packagesStrategies to overcome mungbean yield constraints and optimise mungbean profitability and reduce production risk.A field-based tactical agronomy trial program for Central Queensland, Southern Queensland and NSW in collaboration with 'Determining factors contributing to yield gap in mungbeans' project and with local growers and agronomists.The program will establish a minimum of 4 instrumented field sites to address local mungbean yield constraints including (but not limited to) nutrition, root lesion nematodes and disease across a range of farming systems.Generate a collection of regionally specific (analysed) and published materials on mungbean best management practice including:
  • Best Management Practice Training Course “Industry Accredited Agronomists” (GRDC, QDAF, AMA, NSW DPI, Pulse Australia), and
  • GRDC Mungbean Grownote – North.
GRDC-funded. Completion date: May 2022
Mungbean irrigationCharacterising the water use patterns and water sensitive growth phases for mungbeans.Replicated trial work to be conducted over three consecutive seasons at two locations under two irrigation regimes.The trials should be managed using proven field-based agronomy strategies to control in-crop pest, weeds and disease. Trials should incorporate soon to be released and commercially available lines.Trial protocols (including data capture) to be developed and structured to allow the data to calibrate the APSIM mungbean model.Produce an irrigated mungbean production guide – a technical publication for growers.GRDC-funded project. Completion date: May 2022Factors influencing mungbean yieldTo gain a better understanding of the factors driving seasonal yield and quality potential of mungbean cultivars for both high yield and double crop situations.1. Collection of data describing and quantifying:
  • the relationship between leaf area and yield, number of flowers and conversion of flowers to pods to seed fill;
  • the adaptation of varieties (pre-release lines and commercial lines) to given environments and conditions and/or seasonal variability; and
  • the phenological response and varietal adaptations of mungbean to both spring and summer time of sowing.
Data is to be generated over three growing seasons from glasshouse and field based experimentation in NSW, Darling Downs and Central Queensland. The trials should be structured to allow the data to calibrate the APSIM mungbean model.2. Collection of data describing the relationship between the timing of stress, the value of physiological attributes and how they can be exploited by agronomic practice.Data is to be generated over three growing seasons from glasshouse and field based experimentation in NSW, Darling Downs and Central Queensland. The trials should be structured to allow the data to calibrate the APSIM mungbean model.3. Build an improved APSIM mungbean model that better describes the relationship between environment, management and crop physiology using data derived from:
  • experimentation data generated by the trials listed above;
  • a synthesis and reanalysis of agronomic research conducted in the northern region since 2000
This work to be conducted (in collaboration) with the APSIM Initiative.GRDC-funded. Completion date: Sept 2022
Halo blight research (complete)Lead researcher PhD candidate Mr Tom Nobel (QUT) – 'Characterisation of the population structure and pathogenicity determinants of Pseudomonas savastanoi pv. phaseolicola, the causal agent of halo blight disease on mungbean (Vigna Radiata)'Project detailsDetermining factors contributing to yield gap in mungbeans (complete)Lead researcher Dr Marisa Collins (UQ) – Project aims to identify what growers consider are the contributing factors when they achieved high yields, ranking the importance of factors such as good starting soil water, low insect pressure, in-crop rainfall, narrow rows, and milder temperatures.GRDC-funded. Completion date: 2018Agronomy project (complete)Lead researcher Mr Kerry McKenzie (DAF)Mungbean yields can be improved by planting at narrower row spacings.  This has been evident in both a below average and above average seasons.  The reasons are not fully understood but are suspected to relate to root morphology and how they explore the soil volume for water and also the larger crop canopy on narrow row spacings intercepting more of the light energy and reducing soil evaporation.Populations are not as important in determining yields and the current industries recommendations should remain as the target populations.  The fact that lower populations are not reducing yields significantly may help in making replanting decisions when establishment is affected by other factors.Both of these factors, row spacing and population, and their effect on maximising yields in varied climates, along with improved varieties, will lead to greater confidence in the ability to grow a profitable crop.  This will ensure mungbeans are a viable cropping option in the farming enterprise and not just a break crop for the cereal dominated systems.Source:GRDC-funded. Completion date: 2018Weeds researchLead researchers Dr Michael Widderick (DAF)Professor Bhagirath ChauhanEarly weed control